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Lesson 15: Texture

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    Class# 15: Texture, Pattern & Print Making  April 25-29, 2016 

      

    Materials needed:  
Pad of Paper
, found materials such as newspapers, magazines, material pieces, glue, ink pen, watercolor paint, banana stem, breadfruit, taro, or reef fish.

    CSLO 1.10: Student will be able to create tactile and/or visual texture in a work of art.

    CSLO: 3.1: Student will be able to evaluate his/her own work of art.

    Texture is avaluable element in the artist’s code book because it engages another sense besides sight. Texture is “tactile,” that is, it appeals to our sense of touch. Artists know this element can appeal to viewers and may try to recreate the illusion of texture, or add real texture to stimulate our tactile nature.  Texture is related to value, in that it’s created by modifying the light on a surface.

Patterns may include decorative patterns such as stripes and zigzags and they are to be found everywhere in nature and in art.  One theory about reoccurring patterns in nature is that they follow the ratio of the Golden Rectangle.  

The Golden ratio should have the mathematical proportions of 1:1.618.  This specific ratio has long been believed to be an aesthetically pleasing proportion and one that produces many interesting patterns in nature.  Here are some examples of patterns that the golden ratio creates in nature:

http://exploreable.files.wordpress.com/2011/03/694780262_8874b4f225.jpg



http://www.scifun.ed.ac.uk/card/images/flakes/honeycomb.jpghttp://media.photobucket.com/user/taffgoch/media/Phyllotaxisonsphere2400.jpg.html?filters[term]=golden%20ratio&filters[primary]=images&sort=1&o=74

    Let’s look at some examples of different kinds of art that use texture.

    1.           Painting:  The artist Vincent Van Gogh was a Dutchpost-Impressionistpainter whose work had a far-reaching influence on 20th century art for its vivid colors and emotional impact.  Many of these famous paintings incorporate texture into them by the use of paint applied thickly over the canvas.  Also, if you look closely at Van Gogh’s paintings you can see how many lines he has incorporated into his painting which also adds to the texture of the work.  Here are some examples of his work:

    http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b4/Vincent_Willem_van_Gogh_128.jpg

    http://www.lilithgallery.com/arthistory/expressionism/images/VincentVanGogh-Reaper-1889.jpg

    http://screenshots.en.softonic.com/en/scrn/71000/71970/paintingall-vincent-van-gogh-screensaver-12.jpg

     

    2.           Pen and ink drawings:  Often texture is used by artists who do illustrations

    with pen and ink.  Texture can be achieved with this technique by the use of repeated lines, cross-hatching, hatching, stippling and other techniques.  Here are some examples of this kind of artwork that incorporates texture:

    http://www.grandmasgraphics.com/graphics/hc_vignettes/poe_list1.jpg

    http://forbiddenplanet.co.uk/blog/wp-content/uploads/2010/03/moomin-tove-jansson-exhibition-Belgium.jpg

    http://www.schneef.com/gallery/data/media/8/Farlig_midsommar_moomin.jpg

    3.           Photography:  While in painting and illustration artists create texture using the techniques they have mastered, in photography it is the artist’s eye that is most important in seeing texture. 

     

    http://www.picturecorrect.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/11/patterns-texture.jpg

    http://www.shutterpoint.com/photos/L/679911-Super-Texture_view.jpg

http://photography.nationalgeographic.com/staticfiles/NGS/Shared/StaticFiles/Photography
/Images/POD/s/sand-dunes-oregon-690066-xl.jpg

    4.           Printmaking.    Printmaking is the process of making artworksby printing, normally on paper.

    Here are some examples of artwork made using printmaking that have texture and pattern:

    http://ny-image0.etsy.com/il_430xN.51382796.jpg

    hthttp://www.tanyamunshi.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/Blocks-Prints_1.jpg

    http://www.haverford.edu/finearts/images/8181_lg.jpg

    5.  Collage.  The last process that we are going to look at and the one that you are going to be experiment with today is collage.  Collage is a type of art made from combining different forms to make a new whole.  One can use found objects, photos, parts of magazines, pieces of material, or newspapers. Some examples are below:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juan_Gris#mediaviewer/File:Juan_Gris_-_Still_Life_with_Fruit_Dish_and_Mandolin.jpg

    http://cdn.dailypainters.com/paintings/summer_glade_12033__contemporary_mixed_media_colla_abstract_art__abstract__21c98300bf66633a1632fc1df40fb2d2.jpg

    https://c2.staticflickr.com/4/3371/3296588891_3cb399c3cd_z.jpg?zz=1

     

    Homework: Preserving the environment and finding solutions to climate change is a priority of many nations.  The Micronesian islands are fortunate that the environment is still clean, but the people must be prepared to deal with the effects of climate change and sea level rise.  Prepare a collage illustrating the results of climate change or how the environment could be if the islands remain free from pollution using the collage technique along with printmaking using the banana stem, taro or reef fish.  You may also use water color paints or the use of pen and ink in the collage.  Remember to create both smooth and rough textures in the collage. Think about different types of rhythm to include in your collage.

    1.           First, collect all materials you will need for printing and to put your collage together.

    2.           Next, lightly sketch in the design of your poster.


    3.           Cut pieces of paper, ribbon, material and other found objects to fill in the spaces of your poster. Remember you can use ink or paint to draw parts to create visual as well as tactile textures. Be creative with the textures and composition of the poster.

    4.           Once you have all pieces laid in place, begin gluing the pieces on the paper.       

     

    After you have finished your collage you should scan it and upload it onto your Flickr page.  If you are not able to scan the collage due to some of the objects not being flat, take a photo and post the photo to your Flickr page.  In the Flickr “Description” panel be sure to include that this is your collage/texture homework.  This collage should be uploaded to your Flickr page by the April 29th.  Any work that has not been uploaded by that time will be considered late and will be marked down one letter grade for each week day it is late. Be sure to complete the "Student Rating" section of the rubric for this assignment.  The rubric is found in the files at the bottom of this page. Email the rubric to the instructor at art101@comfsm.fm.

    This concludes the fifthteenth class for AR101.  If you have any questions regarding the material or assignment please email your instructor at art101@comfsm.fm

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